M-1905 Bayonet was adopted to be used as a knife bayonet with
the Model 1903 Rifle, after it was determined that
the rod bayonet, adopted earlier, did not contain the features
or durability that was necessary for the modern trench warfare
of the early 1900's. Because the Model 1903 Rifle was shorter
than the previously used Krag Rifle, it was believed that a
knife bayonet was needed. The trial versions of the M-1905 Bayonet
were made at the Springfield Armory and dated 1905, but had no
Once the bayonet was
officially adopted, production began at both the Springfield
Armory and the Rock Island Arsenal.
Although 1906 Springfield production included a serial number
on the 1906 dated bayonets, the 1906 Rock Island Arsenal
did not have a serial number.
The Springfield Armory
produced over 1 million M-1905 Bayonets between
1905 and 1922, while the Rock Island Arsenal produced just
under 0.5 million total bayonets in runs between 1906 and
then again between 1917 and 1919. Early bayonets had bright
blued hilts. Many bright blades were later blued and then,
beginning in 1917, all blades were parkerized.
At the on
set of WWII, and
with the adoption of the M-1 Garand Rifle, there was a
recognized shortage of M-1905 Bayonets. The U. S. Government
to contract with several civilian manufacturers to produce
bayonets, which many collectors have conveniently, but
erroneously, dubbed M-1942 Bayonets.
During 1942 and 1943,
just over 1 million additional M-1905 Bayonets were produced
by American Fork and Hoe, Utica Cutlery, Onieda Limited,
Wilde Tool, PAL, and
Union Fork and Hoe. In 1943, production was halted with the adoption of a
shorter M-1 Bayonet for the M-1 Garand Rifle and orders were
given to begin to cut
and grind M-1905 Bayonets of all makers. The modified version was officially
designated the M-1905(E1) Bayonet. Over one million M-1905 Bayonets were
converted to M-1905(E1) Bayonets.
The M-1905 Bayonet
and its variants have become the
core of many bayonet collections and are highly sought after in its many
forms by novice and advanced collectors alike. Although numerous designs of modified M-1905 bayonets were produced
in single or small quantities, only the M-1905 Bayonet with Silencer
Guard was produced and distributed in any quantities. However,
they are extremely scarce today. A M-1905 Fencing Bayonet was
produced by civilian contractors. This plastic coated bayonet
was issued to the U.S. Navy.